Impact of Medications on the Oral Cavity

Unfortunately your recently prescribed medication may be affecting more than the condition for which it was prescribed. Here are a few conditions to be aware of when beginning a new medication. Drug induced xerotomia or dry mouth is the most common complaint involved with a medication, and it increases with dosage or number of medications. It can be addressed with salivary replacements and fluoride supplements. Aphthous ulcers may be a side effect of some medications, and based upon the severity can be treated with over the counter medications. Gingival hyperplasia can result from anticonvulsants, calcium channel blockers, and immune suppressing drugs. This can be alleviated to a degree with exceptional home care. Taste alteration is complaint for over 200 medications, and unfortunately¬† can result in patients over indulging in salt or sweetener to combat. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and antihypertensive agents¬† can produce a delayed hypersensitivity reaction of lichen planus. Finally, mucositis can be the result of radiation and chemotherapy treatment for which “Magic mouthwash” is very effective. Any side effects resulting from medication should be discussed with your dentist and physician.