Oral Manifestations of Celiac Disease

The term gluten free is a wildly popular trend in food. This is largely due to the increasing awareness of those who suffer from Celiac disease. This is an autoimmune disease that is triggered by the presence of certain grain proteins that damages the small intestine. While it can develop at any age, if Celiac disease emerges in children who are still developing their permanent teeth it can cause pitting, grooving, or complete loss of enamel. It can also produce cream, yellow, white, or brown color defects in the enamel. In an adult patient recurring aphthous ulcers, cheilosis or fissures in the corners of the lips, a glossy appearance to the tongue, or oral lichen planus are symptoms that may be observed. While these oral symptoms are not enough to accurately diagnose Celiac disease, it is enough to suggest that it is time for a visit to their primary care physician. They will conduct the necessary serological test and perform the intestinal biopsy that will confirm their condition. Currently the only treatment is a strict gluten free diet.