Unfortunately periodontal disease is a dental issue impacting many patients in every dental practice. Of particular concern are patients who are already diagnosed with a chronic medical conditions. A study posted online in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine found that even simple periodontal therapy such as scaling and root planning contributed to the health of patients suffering from type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cerebrovascular disease. These patients experienced lower medical costs and fewer hospitalizations than patients with the same conditions who went untreated, as much as 20-40% less. Also, a 74% decrease in health care costs were noted for pregnant women with periodontal disease who underwent periodontal therapy versus women who did not because they have a decreased incidence of premature births.